New PDF release: A Book of Conquest: The Chachnama and Muslim Origins in

By Manan Ahmed Asif

ISBN-10: 0674660110

ISBN-13: 9780674660113

The query of the way Islam arrived in India is still markedly contentious in South Asian politics. typical bills middle at the Umayyad Caliphate’s incursions into Sind and littoral western India within the 8th century CE. during this telling, Muslims have been a overseas presence between local Hindus, sowing the seeds of a mutual animosity that presaged the subcontinent’s partition into Pakistan and India many centuries later.

But in a compelling reexamination of the historical past of Islam in India, Manan Ahmed Asif directs awareness to a thirteenth-century textual content that tells the tale of Chach, the Brahmin ruler of Sind, and his kingdom’s later conquest through the Muslim normal Muhammad bin Qasim in 712 CE. The Chachnama has lengthy been a touchstone of Indian background, but it truly is seldom studied in its entirety. Asif bargains a detailed and entire research of this crucial textual content, untangling its a variety of registers and genres so as to reconstruct the political imaginative and prescient at its heart.

Asif demanding situations the most tenets of the Chachnama’s interpretation: that it's a translation of an past Arabic textual content and that it provides a background of conquest. Debunking either rules, he demonstrates that the Chachnama used to be initially Persian and, faraway from advancing a story of imperial aggression, is a refined and complicated paintings of political thought, one embedded in either the Indic and Islamic ethos. This social and highbrow historical past of the Chachnama is a crucial corrective to the divisions among Muslim and Hindu that so frequently outline Pakistani and Indian politics this present day.

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Additional resources for A Book of Conquest: The Chachnama and Muslim Origins in South Asia

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33 :ijaladhuri dqes not note the size of the expeditionary force or the intent of the expeditions. Presumably, these were small sorties, attempting to trace trading networks and gain a foothold in the ports. It is also probable that these expeditions were not sanctioned by the caliphate: the governor of Bahrain received a sharp rebuke from 'Umar when he learned of the expedition: "0 Brother of Thaqif, you have put the worm on the wood. " 34 Baladhuri notes that this rebuke stopped further sea approaches to Sind while the campaigns to subdue the Sassanian forces in Iran continued eastward through the regioqs of Khurasan, Kirman, Sistan, and Makran.

Thus, these local networks, with their ebbs and flows, are Jargely hidden from history. From archaeological evidence as FRONTIER WITH THE HOUSE OF GOLD From the seventh century to the ninth, the activities of merchants and pilgrims continue to shape this region as an Indian Ocean region, with ships from China routinely sailing in the Red Sea, and Arab dhows a common presence in the Malay islands. 28 A typical description of this sea trade, including routes, sites, and communities, survives in the anonymous Akhbar al-$in wa'l-Hind, dated in the mid-ninth century: As for the places which they reach they relate that most of the Chinese boats are loaded at Siraf and that the goods are carried to Siraf from Basra, Oman and other ports ....

4) A FOUNDATION FOR HISTORY 51 in 1210-n fractured the eastern frontier of Sam's realm even further among his various lieutenants (ghulam meaning slave-lieutenant). One, Shams al-din Iltutmish set himself up as a ruler in Delhi. Another, Taj al-Din Yildiz in Ghazna. Another ghulam, 'Ali-yi Mardan, became Sultan 'Alauddin in Bengal. A third, Nasiruddin Qabacha, who had been in stationed in Uch since 1204, declared his own rule and occupied Lahore. The scramble ensued among Yildiz, Qabacha, and Iltutmish to claim the major city-forts of Delhi, Multan, Lahore, and Uch.

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A Book of Conquest: The Chachnama and Muslim Origins in South Asia by Manan Ahmed Asif

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