Read e-book online A Concise History of Australia (Cambridge Concise Histories) PDF

By Stuart Macintyre

ISBN-10: 0521735939

ISBN-13: 9780521735933

Australia is the final continent to be settled via Europeans, however it additionally sustains a humans and a tradition tens of hundreds of thousands years outdated. for a lot of the earlier 2 hundred years the novices have sought to exchange the previous with the recent. This ebook tells how they imposed themselves at the land, and taken know-how, associations and concepts to make it their very own. It relates the improvement from penal colony to a filthy rich loose state and illustrates how, as a kingdom created via waves of rookies, the quest for binding traditions was once lengthy pissed off by way of the sensation of rootlessness, until eventually it got here to phrases with its origins. The 3rd variation of this acclaimed ebook recounts the major elements - social, fiscal and political - that experience formed modern day Australia. It covers the increase and fall of the Howard executive, the 2007 election and the apology to the stolen iteration. greater than ever sooner than, Australians draw at the prior to appreciate their destiny.

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Its freedom of choice and capacity for concerted action brought innovation and augmented capacity. Its self-centredness and moral discord generated social conflict, crimi­ nality and exile. Such an encounter could only be traumatic. 3 Coercion, 1 79 3 - 1 8 2 1 A prison situated 20,000 kilometres from the courts that sentenced its inmates was necessarily expensive. Since it was now clear that the cost would not be defrayed by the production of naval supplies, it became all the more important that this distant outpost achieve at least some measure of self-sufficiency.

1 Australia and the region Newcomers, c. 1 60 0-1792 23 The difference is not simply one of economic opportunity. The Pacific signifies peace, a far-flung constellation of island people liv­ ing in harmony with nature, where the colonial imagination could find a soft primitivism of noble savages predisposed to friendship and hospitality. Asia, on the other hand, presented a dense tangle of peoples with polities, cultures and traditions even more deeply embedded than those of Europe. As the late-developing nation­ states on the Atlantic seaboard imposed control over the older civilisations of the Eurasian continent, they hardened a distinction between the West and the East.

In 1 803 Matthew Flinders reached Sydney after charting the Aus­ tralian coast for the British Admiralty. Since his ship, the Investi­ gator, was unfit for further service, he embarked for England in a schooner, but it too proved unserviceable on the voyage across the Indian Ocean and he called at French Mauritius for assistance. By this time France was again at war with Britain, and the governor of Mauritius detained him until 1 8 ro. It was not until 1 8 1 4 that Flinders' account of Voyage to Terra Australis appeared, and a fur­ ther three years before Macquarie's eye lighted on a passage in it: 'Had I permitted myself any innovation upon the original name, it would have been to convert it into AUSTRALIA; as being more agreeable to the ear .

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A Concise History of Australia (Cambridge Concise Histories) by Stuart Macintyre

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